Haldanby Langley opened the Silver Mouse Trap in 1690. He was one of six brothers and his own father was Sir William Langley. Two of his brothers held titles and it was up to him to create his own fortune. This was the first goldsmith, silversmith, jeweller in London and quite different from what we see in shops now. They focused heavily on silver serving trays, candle sticks, swords and storing goods for clients. The first gold smiths were also the first banks, they held money and goods for customers in their own safe. In the place of notes and coins, a draft of credit from a reliable merchant was often used.

Haldanby was a deeply religious man and in 1708 he married his wife Mary Pegg. She gave birth to two sons and the eldest Gilbert was intended to inherit the business. They were at cross purpose to his education and when she died in 1710, he took Gilbert and Thomas Gilpin as his apprentices. They worked in the shop and learned the skill of a silversmith.


  • Father: William Langley Esquire (1645-1689)
  • Mother: Isabella Griffith (1650 – 1706)
  • Born: 1665 , london
  • Lived/employment: 1 feb, st clement danes, middlesex, england
  • Siblings: Unknown
  • Married: Mary Pegg, all hallows, lombard st
  • Children: Gilbert, Richard
  • Died: 2nd june 1728

Jewellery of the period: Georgian

The Langley’s ran the business through the start and middle of the Georgian period. England was run and controlled by four successive kings George I – IV. Jewellery of the time could be characterized by a sense of abundance while staying elegant. Gemstones became popular. As was acrostic jewellery that spelled out things in stone type, such as regard. Georgian morning rings, with human hair and death dates engraved inside still sell at a high price over 300 years later.

The business boomed in its time. The area of Lincolns Inn, as an inn of court, was filled with judges, barristers, the early aristocracy. Haldanby died on 2 May 1728 and left in his will over £500 and control of the shop to his first-born son Gilbert.


Burial – 1728 – 2nd June

Married – Haldanby Langley + Mary Pegg – 17 june 1708

Will – Haldanby Langley 1730